Geography of Afghanistan

The landlocked country of Afghanistan has more to offer in terms of just being a war inflicted country. An analysis of the geography of Afghanistan and its varied facts gives you a clear idea of its varied geographical features and interesting aspects. Situated between 29 35' and 38 40' north latitude and 60 31' and 75 00' east latitude, the land of Afghanistan covers an area of 652,290 square kilometers.

Bordering Nations of Afghanistan

Geologists have discovered that the country of Afghanistan is located over the Iranian plateau. On the south and south-east of Afghanistan lies Pakistan, towards the west is Iran, on the northern part of Afghanistan is Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan while China lies towards the east.

Geographical Divisions of Afghanistan

Due to its extensive geographical features, the country has been divided into three regions depending on its characteristics and wide landscapes

1. The Central Highlands

It is basically a mountainous region comprising the Hindu Kush mountain range which spreads from the eastern part of the country to the western part and the Hazarajat. During the summer, the mercury level rises to a great extend while in the winter the region experiences very chill temperatures.

2. The Southwestern Plateau

A comprehensive geography of Afghanistan remains incomplete without mentioning its desert areas which falls under the southwestern plateau of the region. Since it's mostly a desert area, the land is not much agriculturally fertile and has less human habitation.

3. The Northern Plains

One of the most fertile regions of the country, the area has good population and also home to many small industries of Afghanistan. Various crops and agricultural products are grown in this part of the country.

Other Divisions of the Country Include

Northeast region--- Badakhshan, Takhar, Kunduz, Baghlan
Northern region--Samangan, Balkh, Saripul, Jawzjan
Western region--Faryab, Badghis, Herat, Farah
East-Central region--Bamiyan, Ghor;
Central region--Kapisa, Parwan, Kabul, Logar, Wardak
Eastern region--Kunar, Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar
Southern region--Paktya, Pakteka, Khost, Ghazni
Southwestern region--Zabul, Uruzgan, Kandahar, Hilmand, Nimroz

Climatic Conditions Prevalent in Afghanistan

The climate of Afghanistan has extreme climatic conditions, with cold winters and dry summers. Whereas, the mountainous regions of the north eastern part of the country are sub-arctic with dry and cold winters. In the western and southern regions a wind blows especially during the summer months of June to September which arouses intense heat, drought, and also sand storms are witnessed some times.

The information on geography of Afghanistan remains incomplete without mentioning the important rivers of the country as--- Amu Darya, Hilmand and Harirud.


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