1. 'Buddhas of Bamyan'---
Situated near the Silk Road, a popular international highway connecting China, Central Asia, Middle East and Europe, it is just 230 kilometers away from the capital city of Kabul. It was built during the 6th century according to the Greco-Buddhist style of art. The site is situated at an altitude of 2500 meters above the sea-level. There were giant statues of Buddha measuring around 55 and 37 meters which were in fact the largest examples of man-made Buddha carvings. These 'Bamyan Buddha' statues were believed to have been built by the Kushan dynasty and Indo-Hephthalites during their period of reign in this part of the world. It's believed that these statues bore striking similarity with the facial features of the Hazaras, an ethnic population living in Afghanistan for a long period of time. Moreover, the Hazaras protected these Buddhist stone carvings for nearly 1500 years till they were recently destroyed by the militia group of Taliban in 2001. Many historians believed that this heritage site of Afghanistan was in the ancient a center of excellence for various educational purposes and home to different Buddhist and Hindu monasteries. The restoration of these 'Bamyan Buddha's' were always shrouded by controversary and debates. Since the 12th century attempts were made by Mahmud of Ghazni followed by Aurangzeb who ordered the destruction of the statues. Due to its rich historical importance, U.N.E.S.C.O has granted 'World Heritage' status to this site. With the coming of Taliban militia rule, certain Islamic laws were enforced on the general Afghan masses. They believed that these Buddhist statues were un-Islamic and therefore ordered a decree whereby all these statues were destroyed. This phase of destruction by the Taliban militia group was met with great resistance from different quarters of the world. However, with the formation of the new government in Afghanistan efforts are made to reconstruct them with the foreign aid and assistance.
2. Minaret of Jam---
This spectacular Minaret of Jam was discovered in 1886, by Sir Thomas Holdich. It is situated in the western part of Afghanistan which invariably falls in the Shahrak District of Ghor Province. It is actually a 65 meter minaret situated at an altitude of 2400meters. The minaret has a circular base with wooden balconies and lantern at the top. It is widely famous for its intricately designed brick walls with verses of Quran inscribed on it.
Thus, a comprehensive analysis of the heritage of Afghanistan gives you ideas on the various aspects of it.
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