Argentina’s Geography

Spread over the southern most part of the South American continent, Argentina envelops about 2,766,890 km square land area. This makes it occupy the eighth position among the largest countries across the world. A group of neighboring countries surround Argentina’s most of the border area. These Uruguay and Brazil in the northeastern region, Paraguay in its top north and the country Chile running parallel to the western side of Argentina. This western side also comprises the chain of Andes Mountains that stand as a plus point in adding to the rich physical features of the country. On the other hand, the southeastern border of Argentina faces the vast water body of the Atlantic Ocean. The country is wide in the north and narrows down in the south where it reduces to pointed tip.

The topographical regions of Argentina consist of the many divisions. They are briefly described below:

The Pampas
These plains of Argentina are situated in the central most area that encompasses the large regions such as that of La Pampa, Buenos Aires, Sierra de Cordoba, Santa Fe and San Luis. These bountiful plains are a home to a major population of the country.

Patagonia
The southeastern part of Patagonia comes under Argentina. This region of half parched plains packed with many lakes in its forest region, cover the geographical area of Santa Cruz, Rio Negro, Neuquen and Chubut that constitute the popular territories of southern Argentina.

Gran Chace
It is mainly located in the northern portion of Argentina encompassing the territories such as Santiago del Estero, Formosa and the area of Chaco, which stands besides Paraguay. Most of the part of this region is biologically rich due to the dominance of fertile forestlands that also contributes to making the region influenced by wet and dry climate.

Mesopotamia
This prolific region of Argentina influenced by the popular rivers called Uruguay and Parana, waterfalls like Iguazu and the moist lands of Ibera. It circumscribes the territories of Entre Rios and Corrientes. Also its fertile land gives it a very pleasant climate.

Cuyo
The barren area of Cuyo is situated at the eastern part of the magnificent mountain ranges of Andes. The water that originates from the mountain region gets supplied to this area consisting of the territories of San Juan and Mendoza.

Switching over to the coastal region of Argentina, which has a bordering length of 4665 Km, we can say that Argentina has abundant marine resources and geographical diversity, which makes it rich and climatically attractive country.

 

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