History of Argentina

The early known history of Argentina commenced with the human existence in the 11,000 BC. Then the first century witnessed the emergence of the civilizations like Diaguitas, Huarpes and Santa Maria that occupied the area of the Andes. In the 15th century, different people inhabited different regions of Argentina. For instance, the tribal people inhabited central parts of Argentina while the Inca Empire annexed the regions located in Argentina’s northwest.

The period from 16th to 18th centuries saw the advent of the people from Europe and the consequent takeover of the territory of Argentina by Spanish colonizers. This period also saw the arrival of the immigrants from Africa, Spain and Europe thereby resulting in the appearance of varied cultures. These people mainly inhabited Argentina’s capital city, which is well known as Buenos Aires.

Then in the early 19th century Britain endeavored to capture the capital city of Argentina, but without any success. After that with the result of the May uprising in the year 1810, the power came in the hands of the Junta government. Finally, Argentina attained freedom from the colonial rule of Spain on 9th July of the year 1816, with the official formalities performed by Jose de San Martin, a prominent leader devoted to achieving independence for the countries of South America.
With the establishment of the constitution in the year 1853, Argentina experienced integration of the nation and saw a period of enormous development. This phase continued to exist till 1945 making Argentina occupy one of the first ten leading positions of the wealthiest countries across the world. Then the military administration replaced the civilian governments till the year 1983. Due to their inability to accept repugnance from the left front, the ‘Dirty War’ took place, which greatly affected the economy and the political system of the country. Then the year 1983 witnessed the resurgence of the democratic ideals with a comeback of the Junta civilian government.

After 1990, the following decade endured the severe inflation due to which the government was forced to take measures to control it. Unfortunately, those measures proved misleading because they acted only as temporary restrictions that eventually turned serious economic crunch. Another thing that appeared was political instability.

However following the year 2002, with Eduardo Duhalde as Argentina’s President, the whole country has been witnessing economic as well as political solidarity. This is due to the fresh reforms taken by the government of Argentina.

 

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