Argentina’s Political System

Argentina is one of those countries whose political systems are grounded on the standards of the representative democracy dominated by federal system. In this system, the governing body is partitioned into the state and central branches. Thus multiple parties have made their way into the whole political scenario. The most dominant parties in Argentina include the popular names of Radical Civic Union and the Justicialist party. Apart from this there are numerous small size parties that are recognized in their respective limited areas.

The President bags the position of being the head of the government and state. Also there are clear-cut definitions of the powers enjoyed by the Judiciary, Legislature and the Executive as all of them have their independent functional domains. And this kind of assignment of authority was made by the regulations adopted by the Constitution of Argentina, the original version of which was formed in the year 1853.

In this system, the President is bestowed with executive authority along with a share of the cabinet of ministers in it. The President enjoys the power for a four-year period and he is the one who designates the ministers that comprise the cabinet. The legislature is packed with the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate that appear as the major entities comprising the two chambers. The former comes to power through proportional representation and contains a count of 257 seats while the latter makes a total of 72 members occupying their positions for a time period of six years. However, every time after a gap of two years, new elections make their way to appoint one third of the new members of the Senate and about 50% of the members that comprise the Chamber of Deputies.

Coming to the Judiciary of Argentina, the thing that is most recognizable is its non-interrupted status, which is due to the non-intervention on the part of the legislature and the executive in its operations. The Supreme Court of Argentina, which bags the topmost position in terms of legal justice, was established on 15th January 1863. On the suggestion of the Senate, The President allots authority to seven people who become a part of Argentina’s Supreme Court. The Council of Magistrates of the Nation, a prominent regulatory body in Argentina plays the role of designating the remaining member judges.

Switching to Argentina’s diplomatic ties with the international countries, we get to know the expanding area of its alliance with the countries like Uruguay, Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, Peru and Paraguay. Argentina’s role of promoting peace throughout the world can be seen from its active participation in the international events in the interest of the whole world.

 

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