Demographics of Australia


The smallest continent located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Australia is rated the 52 nd most populous country in the world. During the Australian Federation in 1901, the natural increase rate was 14.9 persons per thousand people. In the Subsequent years 1912, 1913 and 1914, the rate increased to 17.4 persons per thousand people. The rate dropped to 7.1 per thousand population in the Great Depression of 1934 and 1934. Following the Second World War there was sharp increase in the population rate.




  • Due to low fertility since 1962, there has been a gradual decline in the rate of natural increase. The natural increase rate recorded in the year 1971 was at 12.07 persons per thousand people.
  • It further declined to 8.5 a decade later and this trend continued till the late 1990s.
  • Nevertheless in 2006 the fertility rate increased to 1.81, recorded to be one of the highest rates in the OECD.
  • The death rate has fallen considerably since 1901. From around 12.2 deaths per 1,000 population it declined to 6.7 in 2000.

Demographic Statistics-2006

Population - 20,705,200 (November 19 2006)

Age structure - 0-14 years: 19.6% (male 2,031,313/female 1,936,802)

15-64 years: 67.3% (male 6,881,863/female 6,764,709)

65 years and over: 13.1% (male 1,170,589/female 1,478,806) (2006)

Median age - Total: 36.9 years

Male: 36 years

Female: 37.7 years (2006)

Population growth rate - 1.3% (March 2006)

Sex ratio - At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

Total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2006)

Infant mortality rate - Total: 4.63 deaths/1,000 live births

Male: 5.02 deaths/1,000 live births

Female: 4.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2006)

Life expectancy at birth - Total population: 80.5 years

Male: 77.64 years

Female: 83.52 years (2006)

Total Fertility rate - 1.76 children born/woman (2006)

Indigenous Populations - According to the 2001 census data:

Aboriginals: 366,436(2.07% of total respondents),

Torres Strait Islander: 26,088 (0.15%)

Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islander: 17,636 (0.10%).


Ethnic Groups

  • Australia constitutes a variety of ethnic groups like Caucasians or White Australians , Asian Australians and the Aborigines.
  • In 2005, 92% of the population was the Caucasians or White Australians and in the early 2006 the Caucasian population declined to 91% an it is estimated to decline till it reaches 89% in 2050. The White Australians are largely of British descent (English, Irish, Welsh and Scottish)
  • Asian Australians represent the second largest group mostly comprising of Chinese, Vietnamese, Indians, Lebanese, Japanese, Korean, Filipino, Pakistani and Laotian. In April 2006, the Asian Australian made up 8% of the total population.
  • Aborigines represent the smallest group and constitute 1.95% of the population. In 2001 the Aboriginal population stood at 1.04%.
  • In 2020, Australia is estimated to have a population of 91% as Caucasians or White Australians, 10% as Asian Australians and 2% Aborigines.

Religious Beliefs

•  Roman Catholic: 26.6%

•  Other Christian: 20.7%

•  Buddhist: 2.1%

•  Muslims: 1.5%

•  Jewish: 0.4%

•  No Religion:15.5%

•  Not described: 11.7%

Note : The "No Religion" category includes: humanism, Atheism, agnosticism and rationalism.


Languages

Primary language- English

Besides English the other common languages are:

•  Chinese languages

•  Indian language

•  Italian

•  Greek

•  Vietnamese

•  Filipino

Indigenous languages include: Australian Aboriginal languages and Australian Deaf Sign language.


Literacy

Definition: age 15 and above can read and write

Total population: 99%

Male: 99%

Female: 99% (2003)

 

Get Aquainted with the Independence Day of various Countries
Argentina Australia Belgium Brazil Canada Columbia Costa Egypt France Germany
India Iran Ghana Kenya Macedonia Malaysia New Zealand Nigeria North Korea Norway
Pakistan Peru Russia Saudi Arabia Srilanka South Africa South Korea USA Zimbabwe