Near the eastern coast of Australia lies the Great Diving Range or the Eastern Highlands, which separates the eastern coastal plain from the outback.
The Central Lowlands located between the Western Plateau and the Eastern Highlands, comprises of the Great Artesian Basin and the largest river systems in Australia namely Lake Eyre Basin and Murray Darling-Basin.
Off the northeastern Coast of Australia lies the Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef complex. The Great Barrier Reef is presently the world's largest living structure.
Located 200 km south of the eastern side of Australia, is the state of Tasmania which includes the island of Tasmania and other surrounding islands.
Australia experiences a wide range of climatic variations owing to its size. It generally varies between arid to semiarid. Almost one third of the continent lies in the tropical zone while the rest in the temperate zone. The coldest regions are found in the south-eastern corner of mainland and Tasmania. Rainfall in Australia is characterized by its variable nature combined with recurrent droughts and floods.
Wild Life and Plants:
Australian geography is marked by its isolation from the other continents, which is why it sustains many plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else on earth. Distinctive animals include the kangaroos, koala, platypus, and echidna. The surrounding waters of the Great Barrier Reef are home to a variety of fishes and aquatic mammals. Both edible and non edible fishes are aplenty. Almost 70 species of sharks are found. Besides these, there are 2 species of crocodiles and lizards exceeding 500 species. Almost 751 known species of birds are found in Australia alone.
In Australia there are 22,000 species of plants, of which over 90 percent grow naturally there.
123independenceday.com provides you an analysis of geography of Australia. Keep navigating through the pages of our website for varied details.