Historical Places of Australia

Australia is a continent country with a diversity of people and cultures. It is ranked as the sixth largest country in the world, comprising of states and territories including Queensland, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia, and Northern Territory. Each of these states and territories has a wide range of places with historical significance and are recognized as Australia's popular historical places or sites attracting much tourist attention.

Historic Locations in Queensland

Barcaldine - Located 1080 km north- west of Brisbane, Barcaldine is often called a ‘Sleepy town' renowned for its role in the development of Australian labor movement. It is a fascinating town with plenty of pubs and extraordinary buildings. Some important sights are:

•  Australian Workers' Heritage Museum

•  The Wanpa-rda Matilda Outback Education Centre

•  The Shearers' Strike Camp

•  The Barcaldine and District Folk Museum

Some of the interesting buildings are:

  • The Masonic Lodge
  • St Peter's Church
  • Beta Farm Slab Hut

Charter's Towers - Located 130 km south-west of Townsville and 138 km east of the Great Dividing Range, Charter's Towers is considered the most beautiful inland city of Queensland with an unrivalled public architecture. The city is known to have been built from the earnings of goldmining. Some important sights are:

•  The Visitor Information and Orientation Centre

•  The Venus Gold Battery

Some historically significant buildings include:

  • Mosman St (including the Zara Clark Museum and the Stock Exchange Building)
  • Gill Street
  • Boer War Memorial Rotunda
  • Ay-Ot Lookout
  • Old Court House
  • St Columba's Bell Tower

Childers - Located 325 km north of Brisbane and 52 km south of Bundaberg, Childers was built and sustained by the sugarcane that grew around it and is one of the well preserved historic towns of Queensland. Some important sites are:

•  Childers Pharmaceutical Museum

•  Olde Butcher Shoppe

•  Soldiers Room Memorial

•  Historical Complex

•  Isis Central Mill

•  Burrum Coast National Park

•  Woodgate and the Woodgate Section of Burrum Coast National Park

Other places with great historical importance in Queensland include:

  • Cooktown
  • Gympie
  • Hughenden
  • Ipswich
  • Jondaryan
  • Longreach
  • Rockhampton

Historical Locations in Tasmania

Bruny Island - The history of Bruny Island is interwoven in many ways with the history of Tasmania. It is located south of Hobart and is a historically noteworthy place. Some important sights are:

•  Cape Bruny Lighthouse

•  Adventure Bay – Walks

•  Labillardiere State Reserve

•  Memorials on the Island

Campbell Town - Located 67 km south of Launceston, Campbell Town is a historically significant and beautiful town with many 19 th century buildings. Some important sights are:

•  Fox Hunter's Return

•  St Michael's Church

•  Campbell Town Inn

•  The Grange

•  St Luke's Church

•  Campbell Town's National Estate Buildings

George Town – Located 53 km north of Launceston on the East Tamar Highway, George Town is considered one of the most significant historical places in North Eastern Tasmania. Some important sights are:

•  Old Watch House Museum

•  'The Grove'

•  Bell Bay

•  Low Head

Other great Historical places in Tasmania include:

  • Hobart
  • Maria Island
  • Port Arthur
  • Richmond
  • Ross
  • Saltwater River
  • Strahan
Historic Locations in New South Wales

Bathurst – Located 207 km west of Sydney on the Macquarie River, Bathurst is the oldest inland cities of Australia and an important historical city located on the western side of the Great Dividing Range. Some important sights are:

•  The Bathurst Visitors' Centre

•  Howick Street

•  Bathurst Regional Art Gallery

•  Roman Catholic Cathedral

•  Webb's Building

•  Abercrombie House and Strath

•  Courthouse and Museum

•  Old Cobb & Co Heritage Trail

•  Government Cottage

Berrima - Situated in a valley by the Wingecarribee River 122 km south-west of Sydney, Berrima is a significant and beautiful historic village noted for its jail and Court House. Some important sights are:

•  Courthouse Museum

•  Berrima Gaol

•  Lambie's Well

•  The Finlayson Memorial Church

Broken Hill - Located on the Barrier Range on the far west of NSW, Broken Hill is an important outback centre of New South Wales and a renowned mining town. Also known as the 'The Silver City'. Some important sights are:

•  Thankakali Aboriginal Arts and Crafts Centre

•  Delprats Underground Tourist Mine

•  Stephen's Creek Reservoir

Other great Historical places in New South Wales Include:

  • Central Tilba
  • Hartley
  • Hill End
  • Morpeth
  • Newcastle
  • Sofala
  • Wilcannia
  • Windsor

Historic Locations in Northern Territory

Arltunga – Located 111 km east of Alice Springs, Arltunga is a beautifully preserved mining Ghost town. Some important sights are:

•  The Arltunga Visitors and Information Centre

•  The Arltunga Historical Reserve

•  Crossroads

Barrow Creek – Located between 284 km north of Alice Springs and 1198 km south of Darwin, Barrow Creek is significant in the history of Northern Territory. Some important sights are:

•  The Graves

•  “The old pub”

Borroloola – Located 954 km south-east of Darwin and 380 km from the Stuart Highway Borroloola is an isolated township filled with peculiar stories about its curious inhabitants. Some important sights are:

•  Borroloola History and Museum

•  Barranyi ( North Island) National Park

•  Caranbirini Nature Reserve

Other places in the Northern Territory with great historical importance include :

  • Escape Cliffs
  • Bathurst Island
  • Hermannsburg
  • Mataranka
  • Newcastle Waters
  • Port Essington
  • Raffles Bay

Historic Locations in Western Australia

Albany - Located 406 km south of Perth, Albany is an important centre on the Western Australian south coast and a beautiful historical township. Some important sights are:

•  Albany Historic Town Trail

•  Town Walk Heritage Trail

•  Mount Adelaide Heritage Trails

•  Torndirrup National Park

•  Jimmy Newell's Harbour

•  Whale world

•  The Old Farm

Broome – Located on Roebuck Bay, 2200 km north of Perth, Broome is an attractive port on the western edge of Australia. Some important sights are:

•  Japanese Cemetery

•  The Pindan soils

•  Broome Crocodile Park and Pearl Coast Zoo

•  Cable Beach Resort

•  Broome Historical Museum

•  Sun Pictures building

Coolgardie – Located 558 km east of Perth, 425 m above sea level, Coolgardie is a well maintained gold mining town. Some important sights are:

•  Town Cemetery

•  Marble Bar Hotel

•  Warden's Court

•  Gaol Tree

•  Warden Finnerty's House - The Residency

•  Old Coolgardie Railway Station

•  Ben Prior's Open Air Museum

Other places in Western Australia with great historical importance include:

  • Cossack
  • Cue
  • Fremantle
  • Greenough
  • Kalgoorlie
  • New Norcia
  • York

Historic Locations in South Australia

Andamooka – Situated in the middle of a desert a few kilometers from Lake Torrens, Andamooka is an extraordinary and wonderful opal mining town in South Australia. A common practice among the Andamooka miners is that they combine digging along with selling polished and unpolished opals in little shops.

Beltana – Located 450 km north of Adelaide, Beltana is one of the exceptional outback settlements in South Australia. Some important sights are:

•  Old school

•  Smith of Dunesk Mission Church

•  Old Bullock Dray

Burra – Located 156 km north of Adelaide, Burra is a copper town and one of historically significant places of South Australia. Some important sights are:

•  The Burra Mine Site and Powder Magazine

•  Morphett Enginehouse Museum

•  Miners Dugouts

•  Bon Accord Mine Complex

•  Hampton Township

Other places in South Australia with great historical importance include:

  • Coober Pedy
  • Gawler
  • Hahndorf
  • MarreeOodnadatta
  • Penola
  • Woomera

Historic Locations in Victoria

Ballarat - Located 110 km west of Melbourne, Ballarat is an important provincial centre and a historical gold mining city of great sophistication. Some important sights are:

•  The Eureka Trail

•  Ballarat Gold Heritage Trail

•  Gold Monument

•  The Ballarat Fine Art Gallery

•  Eureka Stockade Centre

•  Gold Museum

•  Sovereign Hill

Beechworth – Located 275 km north-east of Melbourne, Beechworth is Victoria's perfectly preserved 19 th century gold town. Some important sights are:

•  The Courthouse Museum, the Gaol and Ned Kelly

•  Public Building Group

•  The Bank of Australasia

•  Former Bank of Victoria

•  Wallace Park

•  London Tavern

•  Buckland Gallery

•  Murray Breweries Historic Cellars/Carriage Museum/Light Horse

•  Library and Burke Museum

Bendigo – Located 150 km north- west from Melbourne, the city of Bendigo consists of one of the finest collection of Victorian buildings. It is a city that prospered by gold and was considered the world's most important gold mining site. Some important sights are:

•  Alexandra Fountain

•  Post Office and Law Courts/Federation Exhibition

•  Shamrock Hotel

•  Town Hall

•  Central Deborah Mine

•  Sacred Heart Cathedral.

•  Fortuna Villa

•  Bendigo Art Gallery

Other places in Victoria with great historical importance include:

  • Echuca
  • Geelong
  • Maldon
  • Mallacoota
  • Mansfield
  • Port Fairy
  • Queenscliff


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