Based on the liberal democratic tradition, the Australian system of government guarantees religious tolerance and freedom of speech and association. The Federal Government of Australia comprises the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The Australian political system consists of:
The Parliamentary System
The Commonwealth Parliament
The House Of Representatives
The most important functions of the Parliament are :
To form a Government
Provide government funds
To provide a popular representation forum
Inspect government actions
Proposed laws can become Acts of Parliament only after it has been passed by both the Houses and is approved by the Governor-General.
Constitutional changes involve actions of both Houses of Parliament as well as the people and if an agreement is not reached, the Governor- General presents a proposal to the people.
Constitutional and Statutory duties
Formal ceremonial duties
Non-ceremonial social duties
Representing their electors
A distinguishing feature of the House is that the party with the majority support gets to form the government.
The Federal Executive Council constitutes all the ministers presided by the Governor-General. Its primary functions include:
Receive ministerial advice
Approve the signing of formal documents like proclamations, regulations, ordinances and statutory appointments.
The key decision making-body of the government is the cabinet. It consists of Senior Government Ministers.
Major functions of the High Court are:
Interpret and apply the law of Australia
Decide cases of special federal significance
Hear appeals by special leave from Federal, State and Territory courts.
Australian Labor Party
Country Liberal Party
Family First Party
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