Demographics of Belgium

A distinguishing feature of demographics of Belgium is its cultural and ethnic diversities. Located on the western part of the European continent, Belgium covers a total area of 11,780 square miles. The country's ethnic and cultural diversity has been enhanced by both international and local immigration. According to the demographics of Belgium, the country is said to be one of the world's most densely populated and urbanized countries.

The capital of Belgium is Brussels with an approximate population of 1 million people. The second city Antwerp has a population of half a million people. Approximately 55% of the Belgian population lives in Flanders, while 35% reside in Wallonia and only 10% live in Brussels, the capital city.

Belgium has two official national languages - Dutch and French. Here is the statistics of the demographics of Belgium.

Demographic statistics

10,379,067 (July 2006 est.)

Age Structure
0-14 years: 16.7% (male 883,254/female 846,099)
15-64 years: 65.9% (male 3,450,879/female 3,389,565)
65 years and over: 17.4% (male 746,569/female 1,062,701) (2006 est.)

Median Age
Total: 40.9 years
Male: 39.6 years
Female: 42.1 years (2006 est.)

Population Growth Rate
0.13% (2006 est.)

Birth Rate
10.38 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death Rate
10.27 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net Migration Rate
1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex Ratio
At birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Population Pyramid of Belgium
Infant mortality rate
Total: 4.62 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 4.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth
Total population: 78.77 years
Male: 75.59 years
Female: 82.09 years (2006 est.)

Total Fertility Rate
1.64 children born/woman (2006 est.)

Noun: Belgian(s)
Adjective: Belgian

Ethnic Groups
Fleming 58%, Walloon 31%, about 71.000 Germans, Mixed or other 11% (mostly Europeans, some Turks, Morroccans and Algerians.)

Religious Affiliation
Roman Catholic: 75%; Protestant, Muslim, agnostic, atheist or other: 25%.

Dutch (Official) 60%, French (Official) 40%, German (Official) 1%, Legally Bilingual (Dutch and French)

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 99%
Male: 99%
Female: 99% (2003 est.)


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