The political system of Belgium is based on a federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy, with King Albert II as head of state. As a long process of devolution the country attained its federal status in the year 1995. Under the political system of Belgium, the government is divided into the federal government, the regional governments and the community councils. In addition to this, there are three regional government areas in Belgium- Dutch speaking Flanders, French-speaking Wallonia and the bilingual capital, Brussels. The 3 regions have authority over 10 policy areas (economy, energy, employment, transport, public works, science, regional development, environment, agriculture, housing, and water). The three linguistic communities are in charge of education, culture and language. The Flemish community and Flemish region are combined and fall under a single administrative level.
The executive powers are held by King Albert II, the constitutional head, in collaboration with the Prime Minister, head of Government and his Cabinet. The Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party or coalition who is generally appointed by the Monarch and further approved by the parliament.