Heritage of Brazil

Covering a total area of 8,514,877 sq km Brazil is the land of hills, mountains and forests. There are numerous places of cultural and traditional value and also various natural splendors under the heritage of Brazil. A great tourist's attraction, people from all over the world visits this heritage of Brazil and admires its views.

The world famous World Heritage place in Brazil consists of:

  • Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves
  • Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves
  • Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina
  • Central Amazon Conservation Complex
  • Pantanal Conservation Area
  • Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves
  • Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks
  • Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás

Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

It's one of the best and most extensive examples of Atlantic forest of Brazil in the states of Paraná and São Paulo. With a total of some 470,000 hectares and protecting 25 areas, it makes up this site of natural wonder. This Brazilian heritage displays the biological wealth and evolutionary history of the last remaining Atlantic forests in the world. The area consists of a rich natural environment of great scenic beauty which includes mountains covered by dense forests, wetlands and coastal islands with isolated mountains and dunes. In the year 1999 the UNESCO World Heritage Site declared it as one of the famous heritage of Brazil.

Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves

Located in the states of Bahia and Espírito Santo, this heritage of Brazil consist of eight separate protected areas containing 112,000 hectares of Atlantic forest and associated shrub. The world's richest in terms of biodiversity this important Brazilian landmarks not only reveal a pattern of evolution that is not only of great scientific interest and conservation but also contains a distinct range of species with a high level of endemism. It was stated as heritage site in the year 1999.

Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

One of the traditional landmarks of Brazil, in the year 1999 the World Heritage Site declared it as a heritage of Brazil. This colonial village in the barren rocky mountains is set like a jewel in a necklace. Visiting this place will make one aware of the exploits of diamond prospectors in the 18th century and testify to the triumph of human cultural and artistic endeavour over the environment.

Central Amazon Conservation Complex

The largest protected area in the Amazon Basin covering over 6 million hectares, it's also one of the planet's richest regions in terms of biodiversity. This heritage of Brazil consists of important examples of the igapó forests, varzea ecosystems and channels and lakes taking the form of constantly evolving aquatic mosaic which is also the home to the largest array of electric fish in the world. This famous heritage of Brazil declared in the year 2000 and 2003 protects some threatened species, including the Amazonian manatee, the black caiman, the giant arapaima fish and two species of river dolphin.

Pantanal Conservation Area

A cluster of four protected areas with a total area of 187,818 hectares, its located in the western central Brazil at the south-west corner of the State of Mato Grosso. Representing one of the world's largest freshwater wetland ecosystems and covering 1.3% of the total Pantanal region, its one of Brazil's World Heritage Sites from the year 2000. Cuiaba and Paraguay are the two major river systems of the region. the abundance and diversity of its vegetation and animal life are spectacular out here.

Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves

Representing a large proportion of the island surface of the South Atlantic, the rich water forms extremely important for the breeding and feeding of shark, turtle, tuna and marine mammals. Home to the largest concentration of tropical seabirds in the Western Atlantic, it also has an extraordinary population of local dolphin and at low tide the Rocas Atoll provides a spectacular seascape of lagoons and tidal pools teeming with fish. A legacy of Brazil it was acknowledged a heritage site in the year 2001.

Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

These two sites in the World Heritage list has one of the world's oldest and most diverse tropical ecosystems containing flora and fauna and key habitats that characterize the Cerrado. A refuge for several species for ages during periods of climate change it's quite vital for maintaining the biodiversity of the Cerrado region during future climate fluctuations.

Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás

In the 18th and the 19th century occupation and colonization of the lands of central Brazil, Goiás acts as a good example. The urban layout is an example of the natural growth of a mining town, adapted to the conditions of the site. Because of the coherent use of local materials and vernacular techniques both public and private architecture form a harmonious whole.

Some other important heritage sites of Brazil include:
  • Historic Town of Ouro Preto (1980)
  • Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda (1982)
  • Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil) (1983, 1984)
  • Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia (1985)
  • Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas (1985)
  • Iguaçu National Park (1986)
  • Brasilia (1987)
  • Historic Centre of São Luís (1997)


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