The current national flag of Cameroon was adopted and officially hoisted on 20th May, 1975 after Cameroon became a unitary state. The national flag of Cameroon is also an important national symbol of the country.
The national flag of Cameroon has three equal vertical bands of green red, and yellow with a yellow five-pointed star. The Cameroonian national flag uses the traditional Pan-African colors and the pattern of the flag recalls the French Tricolor.
The color Red in the center strip stands for unity, and the golden yellow star on the red background referred to as "the star of unity". The Yellow strip right side of the red strip symbolizes the sun, the source of people happiness and also the savannas in the northern part of the country, while the Green strip left of red stands for hope and the forests in the southern part of Cameroon.
Cameroons' national flag was based on the colors of the flag of Ethiopia, a horizontal tri-color of green, yellow and red which dates back to 1897. The former pattern of the Cameroonian flag dates back to 1957. At the time when the former British colony voted to join Cameroon in a federal type of government in 1961, the Cameroon flag had two yellow stars in the upper part of the green portion of the flag. With the federal system being replaced by a unitary government in 1972, the two stars were removed from the green and a single yellow star was placed on the red portion of the flag on 1975. By the middle of 20th century Cameroon was largely a trust territory under France managed by the United Nations. The local government after it was promised its independence in 1957 began discussing for a possible national flag. One popular suggestion for the design of the flag was to use the symbol prawn that had given the country its name.
Some basic guidelines are needed to be followed by all concerned using the national flag of Cameroon.
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