Owing to the vast geographic size of Canada, the climate varies throughout the country, ranging from temperate in the south to sub arctic and arctic in the southeast. Generally, Canada is known for its cold winters and short warm summers. The northern most regions of Canada experiences harsh climatic conditions and therefore most of the country's population is concentrated within a few 100 km of the southern border with a milder climate.
Natural Hazards in Canada include continuous permafrost and cyclonic storms.
Natural Resources and Wildlife
Canada is a country with an abundance of natural resources which includes zinc, copper, gold, lead, iron ore, nickel, silver, diamonds, molybdenum, potash, coal, petroleum, timber, natural gas, hydro power and fish. The natural resources contribute greatly to the country's economy.
Canada's vast wilderness offers habitat to a variety of wildlife which includes bears, beavers, moose, lynx and cougars among other animals. Several bird species in Canada consist of Canada geese, great blue heron and the bald eagles. Sea life includes whales, dolphins, salmon and sharks among several other species of fish.
This article provides an overview of Canada's geography. For more information on Canada, flip through the pages of 123independenceday.com