Area- Total area covered: 9,596,960 sq km
- Land: 9,326,410 sq km
- Water: 270,550 sq km
Though the figures vary, the official figure by PRC stands at 9.6 million sq km. which comprises about 6.5 percent of the world total land area, thus making it slightly smaller than Canada and little larger than the US. The Republic of China at Taiwan puts the figure at 11 million sq km, which includes Mongolia, an independent sovereign state. The distance from east to west measure 5,200 km and from north to south over 5,550 km.
Land Topography- The landmass is an unevenly changing pattern of broad plains, extensive deserts, and lofty mountain ranges, including vast areas of harsh terrain. The eastern half of the country includes sea-coast fringed with offshore islands; it's a region of fertile lowlands, foothills and mountains, steppes, desert, and subtropical areas. Being a mountainous country with two-third of its total land covered by mountains it has some of Asia's greatest mountains which include the Himalayas , the Kunlun Mountains , Mount Qomolangma , the Kailash and the Tian Shan ranges.
All principal rivers, the Yangtze , the Yellow River , and the Amur, flow from west to east. In the south are the Pearl River, the Mekong River , and the Brahmaputra. The North China Sea and the South China Sea are parts of the Pacific Ocean. A southern branch of the Kunlun Mountains divides the watersheds of the Yellow River and the Yangtze River.
China, with approximately 2,800 natural lakes, is a country of numerous lakes.
The western half of China consists of sunken basins, rolling plateaus, and soaring massifs, plus a portion of the highest tableland on earth. Flowing from its source in the Tibetan highlands, the Yellow River courses near the sea through the North China Plain.
Land Usage- China's natural resources include coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, antimony, manganese, tin, tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc and uranium.
- Arable land: 14.86%
- Permanent crops: 1.27%
- Permanent pastures: 43%
- Forests and woodlands: 14%
- Others: 33%
Natural Hazards- Frequent typhoons, at a rate of five per year along the eastern and southern coasts, destructive monsoons, floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, droughts and land subsidence, all affect China.
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