Demographics of Colombia

A critical analysis of the demography of Colombia gives you a clear idea of the geographical, social, political and economic conditions prevalent in the country. Situated in the South American continent, the country of Colombia is regarded as one of the most populous country in the continent after Brazil and Mexico.

A Brief Historical Background of Colombia

Before the arrival of Spanish invaders, the land of Colombia was inhabited by different tribes who lived in a close-knit community of their own with agriculture being their prime source of livelihood. The Spanish conquest in the year 1525, led to the formation of New Granada. But it's important to note that during this period, the country was constantly hit by political turmoil and unrest which continued for a longer period. This unrest led to a rebellion fought under the aegis of Simon Bolivar. After the achievement of independence from the Spanish rulers, Greater Colombia was created comprising of Venezuela, Panama and Colombia itself with Cucuta as its capital. Simon Bolivar became the President and Francisco de Paula Santander deputized as the Vice-President.

Culturally, Colombia has been a melting pot of varied ethnic groups such as Spanish, African and American. The cosmopolitan culture of the region has led to rapid phase of urbanization in the last few years. The amalgamation of different races and castes has created a new wave of society which well reflects the unity amidst the great cultural diversity of the country. Also the literacy growth has an average rise of 93% in the last few years.

Trend of Population Growth in Colombia

According to a recent statistical report, 81% of the people residing in the country of Colombia are Roman Catholic, 14% are Christians and the rest belong to the Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and Islamic faith. There are also other groups such as animism, agnosticism and atheism who worship nature. The immigration of people from the other countries has significantly contributed to the rise of population. The growth of population in the urban areas increased from 31% to 70% by the year 1990. Currently the figure is about 77%. Majority of the cities have a population of 100,000.

To a get an idea of the demographical situation of Colombia, here's sharing with you some facts.

Age Wise Population Growth---

0-14 years:30.3%; (Male: 6,683,079/Female:6,528,563)

15-64 years: 64.5%; (Male: 13,689,384/Female:14,416,439)

65 years and over: 5.2%; (Male: 996,022/Female:1,279,548)

Percentage of Population Growth--- 1.46%

Birth Rate--- 20.48 births per thousand populations

Death Rate--- 5.58 deaths per 1000 populations

Thus, an analysis of the demographics of Colombia, gives you a clear idea of the prevalent social conditions there.


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