National Flag of Costa Rica

Flag History

The National flag of Costa Rica was adopted on 27 November, 1906 and the design of the flag has been inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution. The flag was designed by the first Lady, Pacifica Fernandez Oreamuno in 1848.

The National flag of Costa Rica has been in use since 1848, when the nation declared itself a Sovereign Republic after leaving the Federal Republic of Central America.

Description and Meaning

The National Flag of Costa Rica consist of five horizontal stripes alternating between the colors blue, red and white. The colors of the flag are in the order of blue, white, red, white, and blue.

The width of every stripe on the National flag of Costa Rica is 1/6 of the total width, with the exception of the red stripe, which is 2/6 of the total width. The stripes on the flag are in the ratio 1:1:2:1:1. The flag flown by the government includes the national coat of arms with a width-to-length ratio of 3:5. The Costa Rican war flag also includes the coat of arms.

Each color on the National flag of Costs Rica stands for significant aspects of the country. The color blue symbolizes the sky, opportunities, intellectual thinking, and perseverance. White stands for clear thinking, happiness, wisdom, power and beauty of the sky, new endeavors, and for peace. Red symbolizes the warmth of the people of Costa Rica, the blood shed by the martyrs for freedom, and also their generosity.

Flag Usage

The National Flag in Castilian Spanish has two connotations - "Bandera" and "Pabellon Nacional". The former stands for the National flag of Costa Rica. The latter refers to the flag with the coat of arms at its center. The "Pabellon Nacional" is mostly used by High Schools and Primary schools, government offices, public offices, foreign missions and merchant ships. The "Bandera" is used for civil activities. A law in Costa Rica prescribes that private citizens can only display National flag (without Coat of Arms) on official national holidays.

National Flag of Costa Rica


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