The National symbols of Costa Rica exemplify the spirit and essence of the nation. The symbols also represent the country's history, culture and traditions and serves to unite the people by invoking a sense of national pride in them. The different National symbols of Costa Rica are:
- National Flag
- National Anthem
- National Bird
- National Flower
- National Tree
- Coat of Arms
The National flag of Costa Rica was adopted on 27 November, 1906 which consists of five horizontal stripes. The colors of the flag are in the order of blue, white, red, white, and blue. The national flag of Costa Rica was designed by the first Lady, Pacifica Fernandez Oreamuno, in the year 1848.
The width of every stripe on the national flag is 1/6 of the total width, with the exception of the red stripe, which is 2/6 of the total width. The flag flown by the government includes the national coat of arms with a width-to-length ratio of 3:5.
The National flag is one of the leading national symbols of Costa Rica and is flown with much pride and dignity.
Coat of Arms
The creation of the Coat of Arms was decreed by the Honorable President Jose Maria Castro Madriz in the year 1848. The various elements on the Coat of Arms have a symbolic connotation. The two branches of myrtle symbolize peace and the seven stars above the volcanoes represent the seven provinces of Costa Rica. The volcanoes stand for the three mountain ranges of Costa Rica. The rising sun on the National shield symbolizes the prosperity of the nation.
The National anthem is one of the important national symbols of Costa Rica as it expresses a sense of patriotism amongst the people. The music of the National anthem was composed by Manuel Maria Gutierrez and the lyrics were by Jose Maria Zeledon Brenes. The original version of the National anthem of Costa Rica is in Spanish, the official language of the country.
The Yiguirro was designated the country's National Bird on November, 1976 and is one of the national symbols of Costa Rica. It is also known as the clay colored robin or gray thrush and is found all over the Costa Rica. The Yiguirro epitomize the fertility of the earth, the symbol of the rain fertilizing the earth and the richness of soil of Costa Rica.
The Guaria Morada was chosen as the National Flower on 15 June, 1939 and is also one of the national symbols of Costa Rica. The flowers have adorned the homes of Costa Rica for centuries and associated with the beauty of the ladies of the country.
According to native traditions of Costa Rica, the Guaria Morada is supposed to bring fortune and good luck.
A native tree of Costa Rica, the Guanacaste (Enterolobium cyclocarpum), was chosen as the National Tree on 31 August, 1959. This national tree is found along the coasts of Central America, Cuba and also in the lowlands of the Antilles.
As one of the national symbols of Costa Rica, the tree represents universal equilibrium and sacred creation and is also a symbol of stability and growth.