Demography of Ecuador

The demography of Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador is 13,547,510 according to the July 2006 census. With a total area of 256,370 sq km, there is 57% urban population and 43% rural population. The birth rate of Ecuador is 22.29 births per 1,000 populations.

History---

The Ecuadorian demography is ethnically quite diverse with the largest ethnic group comprising of 'Mestizos', the mixed descendants of Spanish colonists and indigenous Native Americans, who constitute 65% of the population. Second in numbers are the 'Amerindians' accounting for 25% of the current population. 7% constitute unmixed whites mainly descendants of early Spanish colonists and also European and Latin American countries. A minority of Afro-Ecuadorians including 'Mulattos' and 'zambos' are based in Esmeraldas and Imbabura provinces, making a total of 3%. Even because of better pay package many migrants especially from Peru, Bolivia and Colombia have moved up in Ecuador.

A sizeable amount of Ecuadorian communities went to countries like Spain and Italy, as well across Europe, the United States, Canada and Japan. An estimated 700,000 people emigrated from Ecuador following the 1999 economic crisis, and total of approximately 2.5 million people have emigrated from Ecuador. According to Ecuador's demography the approximate numbers of Ecuadorian people living abroad are:

  • Spain 750,000
  • Italy 750,000
  • United States 950,000
  • Japan 100,000
  • Australia
  • Latin America
Recent Growth---

Today's population is divided about equally between the mountainous Sierra region, i.e. the central highlands and the Costa region, i.e. the coastal lowlands. The urban population has increased by about 55% due to the migration toward cities, particularly larger cities in all regions. Over 1 million inhabitants are from the capital city of Quito and also from the city of Guayaquil. A majority of Ecuador's small but vibrant upper-and middle-class populations live here. To the east of the mountains in the tropical forest region only about 3% of the area is populated. A small Jewish minority is living in Ecuador mostly of German and Italian descent. A small minority of Greeks are also living in Ecuador according to the Ecuadorian demography. Ecuador's colorful diversity also comes from a large Middle Eastern population numbering hundreds of thousand of Arabs, mostly of Lebanese, Syrian and Palestinian origin and also some South Asian groups like the Indians and Pakistanis. At present there are nine indigenous peoples living in Ecuador, all represented politically by the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of the Ecuadorian Amazon, CONFENIAE.

They are:
  • Quichua
  • Shuar
  • Achuar
  • Huaorani
  • Siona
  • Shiwiar
  • Záparo
  • Cofan

About 33% falls under the age group of 0-14 years, 61.9% between the age group of 15-64 years and 5% % are over 65 years. The population growth rate as estimated in the 2006 census is 1.5%. The main religion is Roman Catholic with 95% and 5% are others. Industrial expansion and subsequent settlement also resulted in the boom of several cities in Ecuador.

 

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