The demography of Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador is 13,547,510 according to the July 2006 census. With a total area of 256,370 sq km, there is 57% urban population and 43% rural population. The birth rate of Ecuador is 22.29 births per 1,000 populations.
The Ecuadorian demography is ethnically quite diverse with the largest ethnic group comprising of 'Mestizos', the mixed descendants of Spanish colonists and indigenous Native Americans, who constitute 65% of the population. Second in numbers are the 'Amerindians' accounting for 25% of the current population. 7% constitute unmixed whites mainly descendants of early Spanish colonists and also European and Latin American countries. A minority of Afro-Ecuadorians including 'Mulattos' and 'zambos' are based in Esmeraldas and Imbabura provinces, making a total of 3%. Even because of better pay package many migrants especially from Peru, Bolivia and Colombia have moved up in Ecuador.