The current national flag of Ecuador was officially adopted on 26th September, 1860 based on a proposal by Francisco de Miranda, a Venezuelan revolutionary. After lots of changes over the years, the present day national flag of Ecuador with the coat of arms was introduced on 1900.
The Ecuadorian national flag consists of three horizontal bands of yellow at the top with double width and blue and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag. The Ecuador's national flag is quite similar to the flag of Colombia, which is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms and the flag of Venezuela, which are also former members of Greater Colombia.
The patriotic symbolism ascribed to the color yellow is that, it's the color of the federation, red indicating courage and blue symbolizes independence from Spain. The colors of the national flag of Ecuador also have another meaning. Yellow stands for the wealth of agricultural and other resources of the country, blue represents the ocean and the clear skies and red symbolizing the blood of those who died in gaining the country's freedom.
The significance of the coat of arms is described separating each elements of the symbol. The Condor stands for power and courage, the Landscape for the Chimborazo and Guayas River, the Boat for peace and trade, the Golden Sun representing pre-Colombian traditions, the Zodiac signs for the Marxist revolution and the Palm and Laurel leaves signifying peace and dignity.
National flag of Ecuador should be handled and hoisted with respect.
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