Independence or National Days are the most important day for a country to celebrate as a national holiday. The majority of the countries on earth became independent after 1800 and many more following World War II when European powers granted independence to their colonial holdings, especially Africa.
Egypt was declared independent on 28 February 1922
from under the British rule and it acquired full sovereignty following World War II.
The British government announced their independence without any discussion with representatives from Egypt, leaving the details on 4 issues, of the communications security of British occupation in Egypt, Egypt's defense, foreign affairs of Egypt, minority races' protection, and the state of Sudan which were to be ironed out later. On this day, Sultan Ahmad Fuad
became King Fuad I and Faruk
, Fuad's son, became his heir. A new constitution was formed in April, including a new law that introduced parliamentary elections. By 1923, there were 3 main political powers in Egypt.
Egypt, formally the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land-bridge to Asia. Being the fifteenth most populous country in the world and the largest in the Arab world, large number of its people, 78.8 million, live near the banks of River Nile, with its only arable agricultural land. The Sahara Desert covering large areas is all sparsely inhabited. It was the Arabs who in the 7th century introduced Islam and the Arabic language, and ruled for the next 6 centuries.
The English name 'Egypt' came from a Latin word 'Aegyptus' derived from the ancient Greek word 'Aigyptos'. Famous for its ancient civilization and some of the worlds most ancient and rare monuments, including the Giza Pyramids and the Great Sphinx of Giza; and also the southern city of Luxor which contains large number of ancient artifacts such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Today, Egypt is regarded as one of the main political and cultural centre of the Middle East.