Historical Places of Egypt


Egypt, famous for its ancient civilization and some of its earliest architectural structures holds quite an immense historical significance. The age-old Egyptian culture and tradition vibrates from all these historical places of Egypt. One must visit all these historical places of Egypt to relive the mystery associated with it and drink in its beauty.

The famous historical places of Egypt are:

•  The Pyramids of Giza

•  The Temple of Luxor

•  The Karnak Temple

•  Abu Mena

•  The Temples of Abu Simbel

•  The Valley of the Kings

•  The Valley of the Queens

•  St. Catherine's Monastery

•  The Egyptian Museum

•  The Temple of Kom Ombo

•  The Pompey Pillar

•  The High Dam

The Pyramids of GizaPyramids of Giza built in the 4th Dynasty is a major historical place of Egypt and also an important tourist attraction. One of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World the three pyramids are the icon most associate with Egypt.

The Temple of Luxor located on the east bank of the River Nile in the city of Luxor (ancient Thebes), is one of the most beautiful Temples in Egypt. The temple was built by Amenhotep III and Ramesses II for the rituals of the festival of Opet .

The Karnak Temple located on the banks of the River Nile in a small village at Al-Karnak, some 2.5 km north of Luxor is a colossal open-air museum and the largest ancient religious site in the world. It is the second most important historical place of Egypt just after the Giza Pyramids near Cairo.

Abu Mena, about 45 km south-west of Alexandria is one of the oldest Christian sites in Egypt. Built over the tomb of the martyr Menas of Alexandria, who died in A.D. 296, its church, baptistery, basilicas, monasteries, houses, public buildings, streets, and workshops all give an idea of the way people lived.

The Temples of Abu Simbel, one of the most interesting Pharaonic Temples built in the 13th century BC, is an archaeological site containing two massive rock temples in southern Egypt on the western bank of Lake Nasser about 290 km southwest of Aswan.

The Valley of the Kings is on the west bank of the Nile River across from ancient Thebes, now Luxor . It is a famous historical place of Egypt. For nearly 500 years , from the 16th to 11th century B.C., it has been the royal cemetery of all the powerful kings and nobles.

The Valley of the Queens is located on the West Bank of the Nile River, at Luxor (ancient Thebes). This historical place of Egypt holds between 75 and 80 tombs belonging to the Queens of the 18th, 19th and 20th Dynasties.

St. Catherine's Monastery, on the Sinai Peninsula, was constructed by order of the Emperor Justinian between 527 and 565. One of the oldest continuously running Christian monasteries of the world, the entire area is also sacred to three world religions- the Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

The Egyptian Museum situated at Tahrir Square in Cairo and built during the reign of Khedive Abbass Helmi II in 1897, has several hundred thousand statues, jewels, mummies and various other treasures. The museum, being one of the famous historical places of Egypt, also has a separate photograph and a large library.

The Temple of Kom Ombo on the eastern bank of River Nile is actually two temples dedicated to two Gods, Horus and Sobek. Built by Ptolemy VI who started the construction and Emperor Augustus who finished the work, it's mainly dedicated to the God Sobek , the crocodile God and his wife.

The Pompey Pillar with the Greek inscription, “To the most just Emperor, tutelary of Alexandria Diocletian, the invincible, Postumus, the Prefect of Egypt (has erected this monument)” was erected by the Roman ruler of Egypt during the reign of the Roman Emperor Diocletian between 284-305A.D.

The High Dam, an engineering miracle built in the 1960s, symbolizes the New Era of the Revolution of 1952. It's an important achievement of the last century and provides irrigation and electricity for the whole of Egypt.

Other places of historical importance are-

  • Temple of Osiris
  • The Hanging Church
  • Valley Of The Nobles
  • Temple Of Abydos
  • The Unfinished Obelisk
  • Akhenaten Temples
  • Nubia Museum

 

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