Horizontally divided equally into red, white and black, the flag with the emblem showing the so-called Eagle of Saladin - a shield superimposed on a golden eagle facing the hoist side above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic , is in the middle of the white stripe in golden-yellow. The flag is sometimes pictured with different colors in different places. Some flags seen in Cairo have the emblem as gold, white, gold; or red, white, black; or light gold hatching, white, dark gold hatching; or white, white, white with two gold vertical lines to divide the three parts.
The color red refers to the period before the 1952 Revolution which brought a group of army officers to power after deposing King Farouk , the then King of Egypt . This period is characterized by the struggle of the people against the British occupation of the country. The white symbolizes the advent of the 1952 Revolution which ended the monarchy without carnage and bloodshed and the color black symbolizes the end of the oppression of the Egypt people at the hands of the Monarchy and British colonialism. The colors of the current flag became the time-honored Pan-Arab colors , also seen on the flags of Yemen, Syria and Iraq , but the central emblem differs from one country to the other.
Besides being hoisted daily on border posts and customs building, the flag is also put up on all governmental buildings on Fridays, official holidays, on the inauguration of the People's Assembly session and other occasions on which the Minister of Interior commands that the flag be hoisted. It is also hoisted on Egyptian consulates and embassies overseas on the National Day and other national occasions, as well as during the visit of the President to the country hoisting the diplomatic mission.
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