The Egyptian Parliament is bicameral in character and consists of the People's Assembly, or Majlis El-Shaab and the Advisory Council or Majlis El-Shourah.
The People's Assembly is the legislative branch of the State consisting of 444 directly elected members and 10 members appointed by the President , who serve for a term of five years . It has the power to approve the general policy, new laws, the budget and the development plans of the government. It also has the authority to undertake investigations and to levy taxes, besides appointing the Presidential candidate and passing a vote of no-confidence in the cabinet.
The Advisory Council with 140 members, out of which 70 members are nominated by the President , is Egypt's consultative council. It offers advices and consultation and proposes to the Assembly new laws and regulations.
The Egyptian Judicial System introduced into the country in 1854 and based on the English common law, Islamic law , and Napoleonic codes system is exercised through four categories of courts of justice. The highest judicial body, the Supreme Constitutional Court , the Court of Cessation , the Seven courts of Appeal in the various Governorates , and the Summary Tribunals in the districts are the principal court system in Egypt. It guarantees the independence of the judicial system.
The Party in Power
The Egyptian system is based on a Multi-party system . The Law 40 of 1977 regulates the development of political parties in Egypt. Though there is currently 17 active political parties representing various stands across the political spectrum, the law prohibits the creation of religious-based political parties in the state. Presently the National Democratic Party holds the majority of seats in the People's Assembly .
Headed by a Governor who is appointed by the President, Egypt is administratively divided into 26 Governorates . Within their districts, local government units establish and run all public utilities, provide services and designate industrial areas. Working closely at various levels with local government is the Local Popular Councils .
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