Indian National Symbols



National Emblem

The Indian national emblem is adapted from the Lion Capital of Ashoka and showcases four lions standing back to back that symbolises power, courage, pride and is mounted on a circular flat slab which features a lion (on the north), bull (on the south), an elephant (on the east) and horse (on the west), separated by the Ashok chakra (which is seen on the national flag) over a lotus. This is also known as the Wheel of the dharma, and has the motto as 'Satyamev Jayate' translating to "Truth Alone Triumphs"


National Bird:

One of the most striking birds, Peacock is regarded as the National Bird of India and has been discussed at length in ancient scriptures as well. Peacock is a large bird, and has a majestic aura, especially due to its elongated feathers. These feathers are quite colourful and give a royal edge to the bird. The most striking feature of this bird, however still remains its striking neck and breast in blue colour. Peacock also symbolises grace, joy beauty and love and is linked to the occurrence of rain in India.


The Indian Tri-Colour

The Indian national tricolour, popularly known as 'Tiranga' was adopted on 22nd July 1947. The tricolour consists of three horizontal bands of deep saffron indicating courage and sacrifice, white indicating peace and truth and green, indicating faith and chivalry respectively. The white band also adorns the 'Asoka Chakra' in blue indicating. As per the rule the flag has to be made of khadi (a hand spun cloth of cotton, popularised by Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation) .The usage of flag is governed by the Flag code of India.


National Flower

The floral emblem of India is the lotus flower. Just like the national bird, lotus also finds a place in the history and Indian mythology and therefore is regarded very highly. Lotus is stated to thrive and maintain its beauty even in adverse surroundings and therefore is a symbol of purity.


National Tree

The Banyan tree is regarded as the National tree of India. The banyan tree has a tendency to root themselves and for new trees, signifying longevity and is also considered immortal. Banyan tree also holds significance in Hindu mythology and is considered sacred.


National Game

Cricket has a greater following in India; however the national game is Field Hockey. This aspect however is highly debatable, since the Ministry of Youth Affairs has stated that India does not have a national game essentially. India had won 8 Olympic gold medals during 1928-1956 and it is this theory that propelled, field hockey being the national game.


National Fruit

India boasts of over thousand varieties of mangoes across regions and has a global reputation. The mangoes are available during summers and are enjoyed by both young and all. The most famous variety is Alphonso, which is regarded as the 'King of Mangoes'. It is interesting to know that a lot of these varieties were named by kings, which ruled the country, especially during Mughals.


National Animal

The Royal Bengal is regarded as the national animal of India. A symbol of boldness and royalty Tiger is also an animal feared by all animals, and therefore considered a supreme master. It is now an endangered species, due to large scale killing of this animal, however one can see them frequently in tiger reserves.


National Song of India:

Vande Mataram, composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee is the national song of India. Vande Mataram translates to "I praise thee, Mother" and is picked up from his collection of poem named Anandamath and was the national cry for freedom during Indian Independence.


National Calendar of India

The Indian National calendar also known as the Saka calendar was officially started in the year 1957 and was introduced by the Calendar Reform Committee. Similar to the English calendar, this calendar also has 12 months, starting with Chaitra (typically in March) and ending with Phalguna (In February). The names of the months are derived from ancient Hindu calendars and the years are calculated in Saka Era.


National Anthem:

Jana Gana Mana, written by the famous Bengali laureate Rabindra Nath Tagore is the national anthem of India. The original version of this poem was Hindi by Abid Ali. Indians across the globe take pride and stand in pride when the national anthem is played and was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 24th January 1950.

National Pledge: The national pledge is an oath, where each citizen swears loyalty to his/her county and is recited during public events, in schools and during important days of national significance. The Indian National Pledge is listed below

  • India is my country and all Indians are my brothers and sisters.
  • I love my country and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.
  • I shall strive to be worthy of it.
  • I shall give my parents, teachers and all elders respect and treat everyone with courtesy.
  • To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion. In their well-being and prosperity alone lies my happiness.


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