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123Independenceday »Indonesia » Heritage

Heritage of Indonesia

Indonesia covering a total area of 1,919,440 sq km in approximately 17,508 islands offers wonderful places of interests to all its tourist's including few extraordinary heritage of Indonesia. Besides cultural heritage sites, Indonesia also has few natural places in the world heritage sites of Indonesia.

The world famous World Heritage list in Indonesia consists of the following:

  • Borobudur Temple Compounds
  • Prambanan Temple Compounds
  • Sangiran Early Man Site
  • Komodo National Park
  • Lorentz National Park
  • Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra
  • Ujung Kulon National Park

Borobudur Temple Compounds- Located in central Java this famous Buddhist temple dates back to the 8th and the 9th century. Covering a total surface area of 2,500 sq m and built in three tiers, the walls and handrails are all finely decorated holding one's breath. In the center of the circular platform there are 72 openwork stupas containing a statue of the Buddha each. The monument was restored in the 1970s and in the year 1991 it was declared as one of the UNESO World Heritage Sites of Indonesia.

Prambanan Temple Compounds- The largest temple compound dedicated to Lord Shiva in Indonesia was declared an Indonesian heritage site in 1991. Built in the 10th century are three temples rising from the center of the square platform all decorated with reliefs and portraying stories from the epic Ramayana. The temples are also dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Brahma.

Sangiran Early Man Site- The first hominid fossil excavated from 1936 to 1941 was discovered at this site. Half of all the world's known hominid fossils Meganthropus palaeo and Pithecanthropus erectus or Homo erectus was also found here. To understand the human evolution for the past one and a half million years, Sangiran is the place to be. One of the important Indonesian landmarks it was declared a heritage site in 1996.

Komodo National Park- One of the natural wonders and a heritage of Indonesia these volcanic islands are inhabited by a population of around 5,700 giant lizards. These lizards found nowhere else in the world are referred to as the 'Komodo dragons' for their appearance and aggressive behavior. This park of rugged hillsides and dry savannah is of great interests to scientists all over the world studying the theory of evolution. In 1991 it was included in the World Heritage list of Indonesia.

Lorentz National Park- The largest protected area in South-East Asia and the only protected area in the world to comprise a continuous, intact transect from snowcap to tropical marine environment, including wide lowland wetlands. A major place for glacier formation it also contains fossil sites which provide evidence of the evolution of life on New Guinea. This famous heritage of Indonesia was acknowledged in 1999.

Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra- This 2004 declared heritage of Indonesia comprises three national parks conserving the diverse biota of Sumatra, including many endangered species. Its home to countless number of plant species including endemic genera, mammal species and bird species. The park also provides biogeographic evidence of the evolution of the island.

Ujung Kulon National Park- Located in the extreme south-western tip of Java on the Sunda shelf it includes several offshore islands the Ujung Kulon peninsula and encompasses the natural reserve of Krakatoa. Its natural beauty and geological interest has in 1991 declared it as one of UNESCO's World Heritage Site.

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