The historical places of Indonesia on the whole give an idea and insight of the cities past, its culture and the lifestyle of the people of another era. The famous landmarks and the popular historical places of Indonesia create a mood of the place and the period.
The most important historical places of Indonesia are:
The National Monument
Taman Ayun Temple
The National Monument or 'Monas' as it is also called was build during the Sukarno era. This 137 m tall marble monument is topped with a flame coated with 35 kg of gold. At the base is a historical museum and a hall for meditations. One of the popular historical places of Indonesia, it stands for the people's determination to achieve freedom for their country together with their efforts in the Proclamation of Independence in August 1945. A bird's eye view of the city and the sea can be got from the top of the monument.
Pura Besakih is a sanctuary over a thousand years old and is known as the Mother Temple of Bali. The greatest of all Balinese sanctuaries perched high on the slopes of Mount Agung it's the holiest of all Balinese temples present. With 22 separate structures, the temples were built between the 14th and the 17th centuries. In the courtyard seats the prominent shrines of Lord Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu in their lotus throne. It's one of the most important historical places of Indonesia even today.
The Pakerisan Valley situated in the Gianyar Regency contains the prehistoric and pre-Majaphahit archaeological sites catering evidence of Bali's early Hindus and Buddhist settlement. Also present is the Pakerisan gorge and in the cliffs on both sides of the river come into sight massive commemorative monuments of the 11th century kings and queens. The visit to the valley is an unforgettable experience that you should not miss while exploring Indonesia.
The Taman Ayun Temple of the 18th century is a great royal temple which served as the family temple of the Mengwi dynasty, whose kingdom survived until the late 1800s. The temple famous for its exquisite wooden 'merus', or pagoda-like shrines is surrounded by a pool. This historical site of Indonesia looks like a tiny island, which is surrounded by the ocean.