The national flag of Indonesia, also known as 'Sang Merah Putih,' was introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian Independence Day ceremony, on 17th August, 1945. For over the last 60 years, the current national flag of Indonesia is being flown without any changes made to the original design.
The design of the Indonesian national flag is quite simple. It's a two-colored flag with two equal horizontal bands of red at the top and white at the bottom with a ratio of 2:3 successively. Similar to that of the flag of Poland and identical to that of the flag of Monaco except for its ratio, Indonesia's national flag is broadly based on the flag of the Majapahit Empire back in the 13th century.
The color Red of the national flag of Indonesia stands for bravery and courage while White represents spirituality and purity. A different symbolism of the colors: red represents the human body or physical life, while white represents the human soul or spiritual life together forming a complete human being. Traditionally, the Indonesians use the red and white as their sacred color.
This red-white flag was first flown in Java in 1928 before it was prohibited under the Dutch rule. The original flag hoisted on the Indonesian Independence Day, referred to as the historical flag or the "bendera pusaka" was flown for the last time on 17th August, 1968. The original flag was preserved and replaced by a replica woven of pure Indonesian silk.
The Indonesian flag is a national symbol of the country and thus certain etiquettes and protocols are needed to be maintained. The codes needed to be followed are:
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