The Coat of Arms of Indonesia: This patriotic symbol of Indonesia is also referred to as the "Garuda Pancasila" in Indonesia. Designed by Sultan Hamid II of Pontianak and adopted as national coat of arms on 1st February, 1950, the significant part of the symbol is the bird, Garuda with a shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its leg. This Indonesian national symbol represents the five principles of Indonesia's national philosophy, the Pancasila.
The National Anthem of Indonesia: "Indonesia Raya" is the national anthem of Indonesia and also one of the national symbols of Indonesia. Composed by Wage Rudolf Supratman on 28th October, 1928 in a national youth convention in Batavia, now Jakarta, this Indonesian national symbol marks the birth of the all-archipelago nationalist movement in Indonesia.
The National Animal: There are two national animals of Indonesia, the Garuda and the Komodo Dragon. The Garuda, a Sanskrit word, is a mythical bird or bird-like creature that appears in both Hindu and Buddhist mythology. This is one of the national symbols of Indonesia. The other, the Komodo Dragon, also called the Komodo Monitor, Komodo Island Monitor, is the largest living species of lizard ever found in Indonesia.
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