National Symbols of Indonesia

The rich history and culture of the country is defined through the national symbols of Indonesia. The national symbols define the people's history and their heritage, their roots. The symbols may be in the form of the countries flag, coat of arms, or any other patriotic materials such as the national bird, color and animals and so on.

The following are the national symbols Indonesia:

The National Anthem of Indonesia:

"Indonesia Raya" is the national anthem of Indonesia and also one of the national symbols of Indonesia. Composed by Wage Rudolf Supratman on 28th October, 1928 in a national youth convention in Batavia, now Jakarta, this Indonesian national symbol marks the birth of the all-archipelago nationalist movement in Indonesia.

The National Flag of Indonesia:

Also known as the 'Sang Merah Putih', it's based on the flag of the Majapahit Empire from the 13th century. The Indonesian national symbol was first introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian Independence Day ceremony, on 17th August, 1945. The national flag shows the pride and delight of the country and its people.

Indonesia Flag

The Coat of Arms of Indonesia:

This patriotic symbol of Indonesia is also referred to as the "Garuda Pancasila" in Indonesia. Designed by Sultan Hamid II of Pontianak and adopted as national coat of arms on 1st February, 1950, the significant part of the symbol is the bird, Garuda with a shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its leg. This Indonesian national symbol represents the five principles of Indonesia's national philosophy, the Pancasila.

The Coat of Arms of Indonesia

The National Animal:

There are two national animals of Indonesia, the Garuda and the Komodo Dragon. The Garuda, a Sanskrit word, is a mythical bird or bird-like creature that appears in both Hindu and Buddhist mythology. This is one of the national symbols of Indonesia. The other, the Komodo Dragon, also called the Komodo Monitor, Komodo Island Monitor, is the largest living species of lizard ever found in Indonesia.

The National Animal


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