Heritage of Iran

The heritage of Iran encompasses the long history of the nation, its culture and traditions and reflects the influences of the invasions of various Empires. By capturing the essence of the ancient times, the heritage of Iran serves to establish a connection between the past, present and future generations. Some of the major heritage sites of Iran are-

  • Bam and its cultural landscape
  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan
  • Bisotun
  • Persepolis

Bam and its Cultural Landscape

Sited on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau, origin of Bam dates back to the Achaemenid period, starting from the 6th century BC to 4th C BC. From the 7th to 11th centuries, Bam was at the juncture of important trade routes which was known for silk and cotton garments production.

Bam and its Cultural Landscape is the most outstanding evidence of the development of a trading settlement in the desert surroundings of the Central Asian region.

The Citadel of Bam (Arg-e Bam) is the most illustrative example of a fortified medieval town constructed in vernacular technique by the use mud layers.

Ban was inscribed on the world heritage list in the year 2004 and is an example of a leading heritage of Iran.

Meidan Emam, Esfahan

This huge downtown area, built by Shah Abbas I the Great at the start of the 17th century is linked by a series of two-storeyed arcades. This heritage site is famous for the Royal Mosque, the Mosque of Sheykh Lotfollah, the magnificent Portico of Qaysariyyeh and the 15th-century Timurid palace.

The Meidan Emam, Esfahan is an outstanding demonstration of the level of social and cultural life in Persia during the Safavid period.


Situated along the historical trade route connecting the Iranian high plateau with Mesopotamia, Bisotun displays remnants from the prehistoric times to the Median, Achaemenid, Sassanian, and Ilkhanid eras.

The most important monument of this heritage site is the bas-relief and cuneiform inscription ordered by Darius I, The Great, when he ascended the throne of the Persian Empire in 521 BC. It is an example of the major heritage of Iran.


The heritage site of Persepolis was the capital of the Achaemenid Empire which was founded by Darius I in 518 B.C. The site was constructed on a massive half-artificial, half-natural terrace, where an impressive palace complex was created, inspired by Mesopotamian models. Persepolis was inscribed on the list of world heritage sites in 1979.

The other leading heritage sites of Iran include Pasargadae, Soltaniyeh, Tchogha Zanbil Ziggurat and Complex, Takht-e Soleyman and Tchogha Zanbil.


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