National Symbols of Iran

The National symbols of Iran represent the country's history, culture and traditions. The important national and royal Iranian symbols in war and peace have always been flags, standards and banners. However the most popular National symbols of Iran in recent centuries have been the lion and sun motif. Here is a list of the various National symbols of Iran-

•   National Flag

•   National Anthem

•   Lion and Sun Emblem

•   Coat of Arms

National Flag

The present National flag of Iran was designed and adopted subsequent to the Islamic Revolution of 1979. The design of the flag consists of three identical horizontal bands of green on top, white in the middle, and red below. The National emblem which represents the name of Allah is placed on the center of the white band. The words "Allah-o-Akbar (God is great) is printed in white Arabic script and is repeated on the center border of the green and red band. The length of the flag is precisely twice the overall width. The green stripe represents growth and prosperity, white stands for peace and red is the color of the blood shed by the martyrs for the country.

National Anthem
The original version of the National Anthem of Iran is written in Persian language. The present National anthem was adopted in the year 1990 which replaced the anthem used during Ayatollah Khomeini's time.

Music of the National anthem was composed by Hassan Riahi and the lyrics were written collectively. The National anthem of Iran is an important national symbol of the country.

Lion and Sun Emblem
The Lion and Sun emblem is the most popular National symbol of Iran, and has a long history in Iranian civilization. The lion and sun motif also has an astrological implication. In Iranian culture, the sun rising behind the lion has always been believed to be a symbol of power and kingship.

Coat of Arms
The Coat of Arms of Iran features an Arabic script of the word Allah (God). This National symbol was designed by Hamid Nadimi, and received official approval by Ayatollah Khomeini on 9 May, 1980. The coat of arms is considered to be a symbol of Martyrdom.

The Coat of Arms comprises of four crescents and a sword. The crescents stand for the word Allah and the five parts of the emblem denote the Principles of the Religion. Over the sword is a 'shadda' used here to double the strength of the sword.

All the National symbols of Iran represent the country and express the feeling of patriotism among the Iranians.


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