The Republic of Macedonia, frequently referred to as Macedonia, covers a total area of 25,333 sq km in the southeastern Europe. Though a land of numerous lakes and mountain ranges, there is only one official heritage of Macedonia. This legacy of Macedonia holds lots of cultural and traditional values for the Macedonian people, where an idea of the history of the country from the past ages can be got. People from all over the world visit this heritage of Macedonia and ravish in its splendor.
The world famous World Heritage place in Macedonia consists of:
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid Region---
Built approximately between the 7th and 19th centuries on the shores of Lake Ohrid, it is undoubtedly the most beautiful and attractive of the Macedonian town and also the oldest human settlements in Europe. A pearl of old architecture and a treasury of valuable cultural and historical monuments, this Macedonian heritage has the oldest Slav monastery (St Pantelejmon) and more than 800 Byzantine-style icons dating from the 11th to the end of the 14th century. These icons are viewed to be, after those of the Tretiakov Gallery in Moscow, the most important and impressive collection in the world.
The small town of Ohrid and the lake was in the ancient times referred to as the 'Lichnidos'. This Macedonia's history could literally be called a city-museum with a distinctive mixture of the western and the oriental world. It's a city with a special architecture, and modern, luxurious tourist facilities for people exploring this Macedonia's World Heritage site. One of the important Macedonian landmarks, the long tradition of pearl making especially of the Ohrid pearl is well heard of.
In the year 1980, Ohrid and Lake Ohrid was acknowledged as UNESCO's World Heritage list of Macedonia. Besides being UNESCO's heritage of Macedonia, this site has also been placed under environmental protection as an outstanding environment. The Lake Ohrid is one of the oldest and deepest lakes in the world. Fed by the cold spring water that flowing from the Lake Prespa, it's full of living fossils such as the Ohrid trout or 'Salmo letnica' and other species found nowhere else on the planet. Between the lakes Ohrid and Prespa rises proudly the high mountain Galicica, looking like an eternal guardian of the two lakes with its arresting posture. One of the traditional landmarks of Macedonia, the town has always been of interest to each and every visitor of the country.
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