The national heroes are those patriotic citizens who are willing to o sacrifice the self for the betterment of the country and its people. Malaysia also has been the cradle of several premier leaders. National Heroes are the people whose names one comes across while studying the history of a country, the ones who gave their heart in creating a better country for the people.
Some of the renowned national heroes of Malaysia are:
Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra
Tun Abdul Razak Bin Dato' Hussein
Tun Hussein Onn
Mahathir bin Mohamad
Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra: He was the seventh prince of Sultan Abdul Hamid Shah , was born on February 8, 1903 in Alor Setar, the capital of the State of Kedah. Known as the Father of Independence , he is greatly remembered for his contributions and sacrifices in bringing the country from colonialism to independence. After independence, he was appointed as the first prime minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1957 to 1963 , and of Malaysia from 1963 to 1970 . His first hand experience in racial discrimination deepened his conviction in fighting for equality and ignited his desire in making his homeland an independent state, free from British colonialism. Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra was made the chairman of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) and subsequently the President in 1951 . His initiative also lead to the birth of the Alliance Party in 1955 and even today he is remembered as one of the greatest national heroes of Malaysia. He passed away on 1990.
Tun Abdul Razak Bin Dato' Hussein: He was born in Pulau Keladi, Pahang on March 11 , 1922, succeeded Tunku Abdul Rahman as the second Prime Minister of Malaysia. He headed the country from 1970 to 1976 . A member of the British Labour Party and a prominent student leader of the Kesatuan Melayu Great Britain (Malay Association of Great Britain) , he formed the Malayan Forum a platform to discuss the country's political issues. In February 1955 he became Pahang's Chief Minister and in July 1955 the Education Minister . The New Economic Policy (NEP) launched by Tun Razak in 1971 was also a great success. He saw the need to uproot the economic and social disparities which fuelled racial antagonism. The National Front was set up by him on January 1, 1973 to replace the ruling Alliance Party. Being one of the national heroes of Malaysia, his contributions in the field of national and rural development is of great significance. Tun Abdul Razak is fondly remembered as the Father of Development .
Tun Hussein Onn: He was the third prime minister of Malaysia, was born in Johor Bahru , Johor on February 12, 1922 . A part of the Johor Military Forces in 1940 and the Indian Military Academy in Dehra Dun, India, he served in the Middle East when the Second World War broke out. He was appointed as the Commandant of the Johor Bahru Police Depot on his return to Malaysia in 1945 . A family background with deep roots in nationalistic spirit and politics, he resigned from the civil service and joined politics becoming the first youth chief of UMNO in 1949. Appointed as the education minister in 1969, he succeeded the late Tun Dr Ismail as the Deputy Prime Minister on August 13, 1973. He became the prime minister after Tun Razak expired on January 15, 1976 . Tun Hussein is well-known for stressing on the issue of unity through policies aimed at rectifying the economic imbalances between the communities. He also fought for the concept of Rukun Tetangga and against drug menace. This national hero of Malaysia is remembered for his efforts in promoting goodwill among the various communities and is considered as the Father of Unity.
Datuk Seri Doktor Mahathir bin Mohamad: He was born on December 20, 1925 , in Alor Setar, Kedah, Malay states presently in Malaysia. He studied medicine from the University of Malaya, the King Edward VII College of Medicine in Singapore. Active in politics since 1945 , he became the member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) from its inception in 1946 . With his keen interest in the country's education, he held posts like Chairman of the first Higher Education Council, Member of the Higher Education Advisory Council, Member of the University Court and University of Malaya Council, and Chairman of the National University Council. Doctor Mahathir became prime minister in 1976 and later the Minister of Trade and Industry. Mahathir was elected as the president of the UMNO in June 1981 and then became the Fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia on 16 July 1981 . Mahathir bin Mohamad helped bridge the gap between the ethnic divisions by increasing general prosperity and emphasized on the general economic growth and the elimination of poverty. He played a major role in the growth of the country's middle class, its rising literacy rates, and increased life expectancies. With his graceful resignation after 21 years in power as the prime minister in October 2003, he is still remembered as one of the important national heroes of Malaysia.