The South Island
The South Island, which is the larger among the two, is famously called as ‘Te Waka a Maui’ that can be comprehended as ‘Maui’s Canoe’. The Maori’s referred to it as Greenstone and Mainland, because in the context of the Maori Legend, the South Island emerged before its sister, the North Island and also due to the larger size of the former one. The island contains several mountains with 18 peaks as high as three thousand meters scattered over its area. It shares its area with the mountain range called the Southern Alps, which contains the highest peak namely of the Mount Cook, with a height of 3754 meters. The range stands as the natural divider of the length of the South Island.
The North Island
The North Island contains about 75% of the population of the entire country. It encompasses an area of 113,729 square kilometers and is dotted with several significant cities- Auckland being the largest one. This is due to the less number of mountain ranges that exist in this area, supporting a large number of inhabitants. But the place is frequented by volcanic eruptions and contains the active volcano, Mount Ruapehu.
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