1. National Flag of Nigeria---
With a glorious history to bank upon, the national flag of Nigeria represents the cultural identity of the country. The flag of Nigeria was actually designed in the year 1959 and officially adopted on 1st October 1960. Unlike other countries, there was no special emphasis and a historical incident to inspire the proposed ensign for the national flag of Nigeria. It was designed by Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi who was then a student in London and belonged to Ibadan, a city located in the south western part of Nigeria. The Nigerian flag is divided into three equal parts of green with white color in the central part. The green stands for agriculture of the country while the white represents peace and prosperity of the land.
2. National Anthem of Nigeria--
The present day national anthem of Nigeria serves as no less than nationalistic call to unify the country and bring in era of prosperity and peace in the country. Facts indicate that the first national anthem of Nigeria was composed by two British nationals but in the year 1978, the group which emerged out as the winner from the competition was credited for composing the national song of Nigeria. The privileged group of writers was--
John A Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B A Ogunnaike, Sota Omoigui and P. O. Aderibigbe. The music was composed by Nigerian Police Band, led by Ben Odiase.
3. Coat of Arms of Nigeria---
The symbolic significance of 'Coat of Arms of Nigeria' lies in the fact that it truly represents the rich natural diversity along with the past historical splendor of the country which is very dear to the people of Nigerian origin and the citizens of Nigeria. The Coat of Arms of Nigeria has a black shield with two white flattened stripes blazing in the shape of alphabet 'Y' in the harbor shield. The black shield represents the fertile land of Nigeria and the silver white wavy stripes stands for the rivers Niger and Benue. Each image in the picture has a symbolic significance as the two white horses exemplify dignity while eagle stands for strength. The ground of the shield is covered with Coctus Spectablis, a common wild flower found in different parts of Nigeria.
Thus, the importance of the national symbols of Nigeria has been widely recognized through out the country.
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