The Political System of Norway is grounded on the objectives of the parliamentary form of representative democracy. In this framework, the ruling monarch is the head of the state, while the Prime Minister enjoys the title of the head of the government. Also, Norway has a multi party system that results in coalition governments or a single party coming to power. Some of the major parliamentary parties include Norwegian Labour Party, Christian Democratic Party, Progressive Party, Liberal Party and Socialist Left Party. The existence of so many parties helps in better functioning due to the competition and oppositions that arise among the various parties.
The constitution of Norway was established on 17th May 1824 with the help of Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll. The assembly reframed it by incorporating various amendments and by making it a constitutional monarchy. The constitution endowed to the citizens various rights such as freedom of expression and freedom to practice religion. By authorizing the Universal Suffrage in 1913, it promoted the strong democratic principles that are the basis of Norway’s political structure.