The Coastal Region
The regions comprising the central coast of Peru are Ancash, Lima and La Libertad, which is mainly dominated by a climate that has a blend of sunís brightness with a bit of humid fog. Such a climate is referred as the Subtropical desert climate. The summer starts from January and ends in April while the humid winter stays from June to October. The southern coast also has the same kind of climate but due to certain variations the climate shows traits of Mediterranean desert climate. The southern coastal regions comprising Moquegua, Arequipa, Ica and Tacna face a dry and warm climate that has resulted in the formation of huge deserts and sand dunes.
The northern coast has an exceptionally peculiar type of climate that influences the Piura Region, Lambayeque region and Tumbes region. The climate is completely opposite of the climates dominating the other regions of the coast. The whole coastal area is rich with the tropical dry forests that contain amazing variety of trees, shrubs and wildlife. The wildlife includes iguanas, pava aliblanca, reptiles and crocodiles that add to the bio diversity of this entire coastal area. Moreover, the Mangrove forests along the Piura River, Zarumilla River, Tumbes River and Chira River also form a part of the physical features of the northern coast.
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