Peru’s National Anthem gained its official recognition on the eve of 23rd September 1821 when the whole nation united together to sing the Anthem whose lyrics were written by Jose Bernardo Alcedo. This popular lyricist had participated in the National March; a selection procedure organized by Jose de San Martin to receive the best composition for the National Anthem of Peru. That day, the people of Peru with great enthusiasm assembled in the Lima city theatre to listen to the melodious voice of Rosa Merino who gave honor to the wonderful lyrics of the Peruvian National Anthem.
After the official adoption of the National Anthem, many more compositions came up to replace the official version. In the reign of Eduardo Lopez de Romania, the lyrics of Jose Santos Chocano earned the approval. But the people of Peru were too much in the favor of the original National Anthem. They were against any changes in the official Anthem. Again in 1913, during the reign of the Gulliermo Billinghurst, a serious opposition from the public helped restore the original composition of the National Anthem.