Demographics of Philippines

According to the demographics of Philippines, the population of the country is estimated to be 91,077,287 in the year 2008. The original inhabitants of the Philippines are called the Aeta and constitute a very small percentage of the country's total population. The vast majority of the population known as ethnic Filipinos constitutes various ethno linguistic groups descended from Austronesian-speaking migrants. Also indicated by the demographics of Philippines is that the country has two official languages- Filipino and English as well as eight major dialects. Filipino is the most widely used language while English is the language of commerce and business. The eight dialects spoken by the Filipinos are Tagalog, Ilocan, Cebuano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango and Pangasinense.

The dominant religion in the Philippines is Roman Catholicism while Islam and Buddhism make up a very small percentage of the religious affiliations of the Filipinos.

Another feature of the demographics of the Philippines is the fairly high rate of literacy among both men and women.

Demographic Statistics

Population: 91,077,287 (July 2008 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 34.5% (male 16,043,257/female 15,415,334)
15-64 years: 61.3% (male 27,849,584/female 28,008,293)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 1,631,866/female 2,128,953) (2008 est.)

Median Age

total: 22.7 years
male: 22.2 years
female: 23.3 years (2008 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 1.764% (2008 est.)

Birth Rate: 24.48 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Death Rate: 5.36 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net Migration Rate: -1.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Sex Ratio

At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.041 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.994 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.767 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.999 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

Total: 22.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 24.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 19.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

Total population: 70.51 years
Male: 67.61 years
Female: 73.55 years (2008 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

3.05 children born/woman (2008 est.)


Noun: Filipino(s)
Adjective: Philippine

Ethnic Groups

Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)

Religions Affiliation

Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)


Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 92.6%
Male: 92.5%
female: 92.7% (2002)


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