The National symbols of the Philippines exemplify the country's independence and national identity. The symbols are a source of pride and dignity for the countrymen. The national symbols of the Philippines provide the country with a distinct identity and arouse a sense of honor and patriotism among its citizens. The various national symbols of the Philippines are discussed below.
- National Flag
- National Anthem
- Coat of Arms
- Seal of the President of the Philippines
The National flag of the Philippines which was adopted on 12 June, 1898, was first conceived by Emilio Aguinaldo. On the request of Aguinaldo, the first flag was sewn by Mrs. Marcela Agoncillo, her daughter Lorenza and Miss Delfina Herbosa. This flag later became the National flag of the Philippines which consist of two stripes -red on top and blue below with a white triangle on the left. Within the center of the white triangle is a sun with eight rays and at the vertices of the triangle consists of five-pointed golden star.
The sun stands for liberty, while the eight rays symbolize the first eight provinces which fought Spain. The three stars on the flag's triangle stand for the three main islands of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
The official National anthem of the Philippines is titled "Lupang Hinirang" which means "Chosen Land" in Filipino. The music of the National anthem was composed by Julian Felipe in Spanish in the year 1898. The lyrics of the anthem were adapted from the poem Filipinas, written by a poet-soldier by the name Jose Palma. His lyrics were further translated into Tagalog by Ildefonso Santos, Julian Cruz Balmaceda, and Francisco Caballo. The final version of the National anthem was penned by the composer-songwriter Felipe Padilla De Leon in the year 1966. The anthem is one of the national symbols of the Philippines which is sung at events of national significance.
Coat of Arms
The Coat of Arms is one of the national symbols of the Philippines which features the eight-rayed sun of the Philippines with each ray and the three five-pointed stars. The eight-rayed sun stands for the eight provinces while five-pointed stars symbolize the three primary geographic regions of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. On the blue field on the left side of the Coat of Arms is a eagle, while on the red field on the right is the Lion-Rampant, both representing colonial history of the Philippines.
Seal of the President of the Philippines
This is one of the national symbols which is used to represent the history and dignity of the president of the Philippines. The Seal of the President of the Philippines was designed by Captain Galo B. Ocampo, secretary of the Philippine Heraldry Committee. This national emblem was first used in 1947, by the then President Manuel Roxas.