The kingdom of Russia was founded on 12th century, followed by rule of the Mongols during 13th and 15th centuries. The geographical coordinates of Russia state that the country is located at 60 00 N, 100 00 E degrees. The total surface area covered by the country includes 17,075,200 sq km, of which land covers 16,995,800 sq km and water 79,400 sq km. The major seas of Russia are--- Baltic Sea, Black Sea and Caspian Sea.
Information on geography of Russia remains incomplete without mentioning its neighboring countries. The neighbouring countries are: Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, North Korea, Norway, Poland and Ukraine.
The vast stretches of Russia is divided on the basis of its unique geographical features such as-
The Ural Mountains are regarded as one of the famous mountainous regions extending from Europe to Asia. This mountainous range extends about 2,100 kilometers from the Arctic Ocean to the northern fringes of Kazakhstan. It's important to note that formidable part of this range is spread across Russia.
Nearly 10% of Russia's land is a marshy plain stretching from the Finnish border in the west to the Bering Strait on to the east, along with the Pacific coast which lies on to the northern Kamchatka Peninsula. This place is also home to various industries. Here, oil and natural gas deposits have been found in abundance.
The steppe has been a unique identity of the scenic Russian landscape, since time immemorial. It extends from Hungary, southern Russia, Kazakhstan and ends in Manchuria. However, majority of the steppe was found in parts of Ukrainian and Kazakh republics; the other ones are seen across southward the Black and Caspian Seas before especially around territory of Kalmykia. This geographical zone is favorable for agricultural cultivation as it has a moderate temperature.
Situated between the Black and Caspian seas, the Caucasus Mountains are a formidable boundary between Europe and Asia. Mount Elbrus is the highest peak of this region with an altitude of 5,642 meters. It extends from the Crimean and Carpathian Mountains to the south east to Central Asia covering Tian Shan and Pamirs.
Russia has a continental type of climate with moderate temperatures in majority of the areas. The average in Siberia is below freezing point, caused by a high intense pressure which blows from south to south west. In Russia, there are only two seasons--- summer and winter. The average temperatures in January is around-8°C in St. Petersburg, -27°C in the West Siberian Plain, and -43°C at Yakutsk, while the summer temperatures are more warmer. The Arctic islands have an average temperature of 4°C, while the southernmost regions share 20°C.
To know more on the geography of Russia, you need to know about its wonderful wildlife. Major animals found are tigers, polar bears, orcas, wild leopards, walruses, seals, foxes, partridges, snowy owls etc.
Thus, the geography of Russia consists of wide landscapes and scenic natural valleys.
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