Heritage of Russia

The rich heritage of Russia has different facets which have been accumulated over the past many decades as a result of confluence with other nations. The varied aspects of Russian heritage bear testimony to the great historic events that left an impressive string of wide monumental records, which are hard to ignore.

Here's sharing with you some information on heritage of Russia and the important heritage sites


1. Moscow Kremlin

This historic site has been inhabited since the 2nd century B.C. Till 14th century, it was known as the grad of Moscow, however the term "kremlin" was first recorded in 1331. It was built between 1320 and 1330 and later became the residence of the Tsars. In 1812 Napoleon's invaded Russia, and occupied the Kremlin from 2 September to 11 October. This magnificent architectural landmark of Russia has undergone significant changes as originally there were 18 towers in Kremlin but later they were increased to twenty in the 17th century.

2. Velikiy Novgorod

Situated between Moscow and St. Petersburg, the historic city of Novgorod is regarded as one of the oldest Slavic cities of the world. It was first discovered in 859 and well known as a hub of international trade. The city has been witnessed to great historic wars and events which changed the very face of the country. One of the famous was Novgorodians Yaroslav the Wise, who promulgated a set of code of laws and ordered the construction of the St Sophia Cathedral, a work of great artistic edifice.

3. Virgin Komi Forests

Recognized as one of the popular world heritage site by U.N.E.S.C.O, Virgin Komi Forests is situated in the Ural Mountainous region. With an area of 32,800 kmē it is regarded as one of the largest forests in Russia.

4. Altay Mountains

This huge mountain range covers central Asia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, along with rivers such as Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei which forms an essential part of its feature. A vast area measuring 16,175 kmē comprises of Altai and Katun Natural Reserves, Mount Belukha, Lake Teletskoye and the Ukok Plateau has been accredited as World Heritage Site by U.N.E.S.C.O.

5. Kamchatka Peninsula

Kamchatka Peninsula is situated between the Pacific Ocean which lies to the east and the Sea of Okhotsk onto the west. It is also an important part of the Russian Kamchatka Oblast which is home to Koryak Autonomous Okrug. The surrounding river valleys coupled together with the presence of few active volcanoes contributes to its scenic beauty, thereby attracting tourists from different parts of the world.

6. Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal finds special mention in many Russian mythological scriptures and literary works. Geographically, it is the deepest and oldest lake of the world and on the biggest fresh water lake of the world. The presence of unique wild life species makes it the ideal destination for nature lovers as it is home to 1085 plant species and 1550 animal species.

Thus, the list of heritage sites in Russia is innumerable each with a distinct feature of their own.

 

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