History of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia's history has its foundations in the very ancient civilizations that inhabited in Arabian Peninsula. The history is remembered for being the source from where the major religion Islam came into the lives of Saudi Arabian people. A brief description of the various aspects of the history of the Saudi Arabia is given below-

Early History

Saudi Arabia's earliest inhabitants were hunter-gatherers that existed around twenty thousand years ago. Their agricultural and domestic practices led to the basis of civilization. The most discernable thing about the Saudi Arabian history is the development of the ancient trade center that resulted from the emergence of trade routes, which in turn led to the formation of important links within the country. Another historical development was the emergence of Islamic Empire, which scattered across the area of Spain, India and China. It promoted the modern scientific learning in Arabic, the native language of the Muslim community. However, after 17th century, the Islamic Empire divided into various Muslim groups.

After that came the Saudi Dynasty, which came to power in 1744, followed by the alliance of Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab, spreading the teachings of Islam. This union formed the basis of the Saudi Dynasty, which flourished thereafter, with transfer of throne to various rulers.

Modern History

The modern Saudi state has shared its throne with forty rulers. Abdulaziz belonging to the Al-Rashid ancestry, helped in the union of various battling tribes, which in turn earned the title ‘Kingdom' for Saudi Arabia. The king Abdulaziz was on the throne from 1932 to 1953, who ruled with full dedication, maintaining the peace and prosperity in the country. Thereafter, the following rulers have ruled the kingdom during a certain period of time-

  • King Saud (1953-1964)
  • King Faizal (1964-1975)
  • King Khalid (1975-1982)
  • King Fahd (1982-2005)

And after Fahd, King Abdullah has continued the tradition followed by Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz. Among them, Prince Abdullah's major contribution in abolition of terrorism and introducing the measures of bringing in peace has earned remarkable appreciation.


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