Singapore Independence Timeline

 

Singapore is a strategically located island city-state, situated at the tip of the Malay peninsula, off southern Malaysia. Singapore is the natural meeting point of sea routes, a port city, a global financial centre and a multi-cultural population. The Independence Day of Singapore known as the National Day is celebrated every year on the 9th of August to commemorate Singapore's independence from Malaysia.

A Peek into Singapore's Past

Singapore's earliest known historical records are not very clear and remain a mystery. However the following details of Singapore are known:

  • Singapore was known as "Pu-luo-chung” or the “island at the end of a peninsula sometime in the 3rd century.
  • From AD 1298-1299, during the first settlements here, Singapore was known as Temasek.
  • The name Singapore was given by Sang Nela Utama in the 14th C
  • The name Singapore is derived from the Sanskrit word Singapura. Singa means lion and pura means city.
  • Ancient Singapore was ruled by a succession of 5 kings.
  • Modern Singapore was founded in the early 19th C with the colonization by the British.
  • On 15 February 1942 during the 2nd World War Singapore was taken over by the Japanese for 3 ˝ years till the Japanese surrendered in 1945, and Singapore became a Crown Colony in April 1946.
  • In 1959 Singapore became a democracy.
  • There was a merger of Singapore, Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and North Borneo (now Sabah) in 1963 forming Malaysia
  • .
  • The merger was unsuccessful and on 9th August, 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent democratic nation.

 

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