Important people, dates and events in Zimbabwe
The British colony of Southern Rhodesia became part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
The African National Congress (ANC), led by Joshua Nkomo was banned.
Nkomo forms Zimbabwe African Peoples Union (ZAPU).
ZAPU was banned. Rhodesian Front (RF) won the elections.
African nationalists in Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland demanded dissolution of Federation. Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) was formed by Rev. Sithole and Robert Mugabe.
New Rhodesian Front prime minister Ian Smith rejects British demands for majority rule and bans ZANU.
May, Rhodesian Front was re-elected. In the month of November the state of emergency was declared. UK imposed economic sanctions. African National Congress, ZANU, and ZAPU begin guerrilla war.
Rhodesia was declared a republic.
Rhosesian Front regime agrees to cease-fire terms with the African nationalists.
Negotiations between British government, Rhodesian Front and nationalists.
ZANU and ZAPU unite to form the Patriotic Front (PF).
PF was backed by "frontline" African states: Mozambique, Tanzania, Botswana, and Zambia.
PF rejects to settlement drafted by Ian Smith and moderate African nationalists.
Independence as Zimbabwe. Following violent election campaign, Robert Mugabe becomes prime minister of ZANU-PF/ZAPU-PF coalition. Relations with South Africa was severed.